Total Length: 120-150 cm
Weight: 1.2- 1.8kg
A fearsome two-handed shock weapon, the great axe was made up of a large, but surprisingly light, axe-blade and a strong wooden handle.
The blade was not especially thick, being more like a large butcher’s knife than a woodsman’s axe. It was designed to cut like a knife rather than split like a wedge.
The great axe, like other forms of war axe, was used both by the upper and lower classes. Although it would be easy to assume that it was purely a foot soldier’s weapon, in fact there is some evidence that knights and men-at-arms also used them on horseback to smash through the helmets of enemy cavalry. For example, the earliest artistic depiction of the Battle of Bannockburn - from the 1440s - shows King Robert using a two-handed axe on horseback.