Aged just 13, Elizabeth became Robert Bruce’s second wife in 1302. She was the daughter of the Earl of Ulster, a powerful Anglo-Irish nobleman and an ally of Edward I.
In 1306 she became queen of Scotland when Bruce was crowned king, but only months later she became a fugitive after Bruce’s defeat at Methven. She and Bruce’s sisters and daughter were captured by the Earl of Ross and handed over to Edward I.
Some of the royal women were treated harshly – Bruce's sister Mary and his ally Isabella, Countess of Buchan, were imprisoned in cages, possibly for several years.
But because her father remained loyal to Edward I – and because she was a valuable hostage - Elizabeth was treated more favourably. She was sent to live at a nunnery, where she was allowed at servants - who were to be 'elderly and not at all gay' - and an allowance.
After his victory, Bruce negotiated the release of Elizabeth and the other royal women in exchange for the captured Earl of Hereford.
They went on to have four children, including David, heir to the Scottish throne. She died in 1327 and was buried alongside her husband at Dunfermline Abbey.