Stirling Bridge was vital for anyone hoping to properly control Scotland. It was the main crossing point across the River Forth, effectively connecting the northern and southern parts of the country. Many of the battles fought during this whole period were about ensuring control of this crossing point. It was at Stirling Bridge that Andrew Moray and William Wallace famously defeated another English force in 1297.
Nothing remains of the bridge from 1297, but it lay just a few metres further upstream from the existing 16th century Old Stirling Bridge.